Zajímavé aktuální zahraniční články

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davkol
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Large inequality in international and intranational energy footprints between income groups and across consumption categories

Inequality in energy consumption, both direct and indirect, affects the distribution of benefits that result from energy use. Detailed measures of this inequality are required to ensure an equitable and just energy transition. Here we calculate final energy footprints; that is, the energy embodied in goods and services across income classes in 86 countries, both highly industrialized and developing. We analyse the energy intensity of goods and services used by different income groups, as well as their income elasticity of demand. We find that inequality in the distribution of energy footprints varies across different goods and services. Energy-intensive goods tend to be more elastic, leading to higher energy footprints of high-income individuals. Our results consequently expose large inequality in international energy footprints: the consumption share of the bottom half of the population is less than 20% of final energy footprints, which in turn is less than what the top 5% consume.

Oswald, Y., Owen, A. & Steinberger, J.K.
Nature Energy 5, 231–239 (2020).
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-020-0579-8

Vaclav.Vcelica
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Chinese doctors say Avigan “clearly effective" in COVID-19
With evidence from Chinese authorities suggesting that Avigan (favipiravir) could be effective in treating the symptoms of COVID-19, shares in the drug’s developer, Fujifilm Toyama Chemical, have surged.
Zhang Xinmin, from China’s science and technology ministry, said the drug had “a high degree of safety,” and that it was “clearly effective in treatment.”
Avigan has produced encouraging outcomes in clinical studies enrolling over 300 patients in Wuhan, the epicenter of the outbreak, as well as in Shenzhen.
Public broadcaster NHK said that people given the therapy in Shenzhen tested negative after around four days, compared with around 11 days for those who were not treated.
X-rays are also said to have shown major improvements for those treated with the drug, a viral RNA polymerase inhibitor that blocks viral gene replication in cells.
Avigan was approved in Japan as an anti-influenza treatment in March 2014.
Since 2016, the drug has been sold as an anti-flu med in China by Zhejiang Hisun Pharmaceutical (SHA: 600267), under the terms of a licensing agreement.
The therapy was also shown to have effectiveness as an Ebola treatment during the recent outbreak of the disease.

Možná by krom Remdesiviru (s českou stopou, ale zatím ve fázi klinických testů) stálo za to dostat do diskuze v českém rybníce o preparátu proti Covid-19 i lék Avigan. Vzhledem k tomu, že už je po klinických testech a běžně se v Japonsku používá na chřipku, stačí jej povolit v některé z EU zemí. Ve stavu nouze by to snad mělo jít snáze.

Nikezeus
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Vaclav.Vcelica píše:
20 bře 2020, 14:06
Možná by krom Remdesiviru (s českou stopou, ale zatím ve fázi klinických testů) stálo za to dostat do diskuze v českém rybníce o preparátu proti Covid-19 i lék Avigan. Vzhledem k tomu, že už je po klinických testech a běžně se v Japonsku používá na chřipku, stačí jej povolit v některé z EU zemí. Ve stavu nouze by to snad mělo jít snáze.
Japonsky favipiravir funguje v lehcich pripadech v tezsich bohuzel moc nepomaha.

K tomuto cca od 1 hod 5min:
https://www.ceskatelevize.cz/porady/109 ... a-kudy-dal

davkol
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How the coronavirus could trigger a backslide on freedom around the world



Allie Funk, Isabel Linzer
March 16, 2020
The Washington Post

Nikezeus
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"Slovenská lekárka v Madride: Systém kolabuje. Musíme rozhodnúť, koho necháme zomrieť

...
Ako postupujete v prípade pacientov nad 75 rokov, ktorým neviete pomôcť?

Bude to znieť veľmi zle, ale týmto pacientom v našej nemocnici podáme sedatíva, uspíme ich a necháme ich zomrieť. Najlepšie to možno prirovnať k akejsi špecifickej forme eutanázie.
..."
Čítajte viac: https://svet.sme.sk/c/22364723/slovensk ... mriet.html

davkol
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It’s Not “Ecofascism”—It’s Liberalism

On the newfangled term “ecofascism,” and how it lets plain old racist liberals off the hook.



This is strange. If we take the term “ecofascism” literally and technically—meaning an authoritarian right-wing response to an ecological crisis—then the Italian government’s authoritarian lockdown, or China’s for that matter, verges far closer to ecofascism than misanthropic online comments saying humans are a virus. Given recent evidence that the COVID-19 outbreak is indeed a result of environmental degradation, authoritarian responses to it are probably the most literal examples of ecofascism in the world today. They are far from biocentric, given that they’re meant to save human lives at the expense of the environment; China plans to relax already poor pollution rules in the wake of the virus. In fact, historical fascism was often, if not always, aggressively anthropocentric. The Italian fascists, who invented the ideology, hated nature and glorified human innovation and technology. Twitter comments that are vaguely biocentric or even misanthropic are really not ecofascism by themselves, unless they are specifically, directly calling for authoritarianism or ethnonationalism. Pointing to such discourse as examples of ecofascism does not help us better understand and combat what we face.



It’s imperative, however, to acknowledge the realities of our impact on this planet without ceding any territory to white nationalists. We do need fewer human demands on the environment. That’s an indisputable fact. But we don’t need to kill anybody to get there, and particularly not vulnerable, marginalized populations who have less of an impact to begin with. (The fact that there is no sound environmentalist reason to pursue authoritarian, racist, and eugenicist policies should lead us to wonder whether people who cite environmentalist justifications for these policies might just have had authoritarian, racist, eugenicist instincts to begin with.) One study published in PLOS found that “countries with higher total human populations and densities had greater proportional environmental impact and those with lower population growth rates had a slightly lower proportional environmental impact,” but “countries with greater total wealth had worse environmental records than poorer countries.” The problem is not too many people in poor, less developed countries. It is, however, a problem to have too much consumption and growth by rich people in rich countries! (Look at a chart of cumulative CO2 emissions by country to see just how much climate change in particular is a problem directly caused by the United States and Europe.)



First, let’s clear up our terms. Economic liberalism is not quite the same thing as political liberalism—the belief in things like free speech and representative democracy, nor do these terms have anything to do with the dubious and unhelpful “conservative-liberal” political spectrum. Most Republicans are economic liberals. Economic liberalism is, confusingly, incompatible with political liberalism because capitalist economies yield antidemocratic things like wealth inequality and market consolidation that make free speech and representative democracy pragmatically impossible, even if legally permitted. Or, arguably, the freedoms promised by political liberalism were never meant to be universalized among anyone except landowning European males. Certainly, both economic and political liberalism emerged at a time in which European settlers were engaging in murderous conquest and plunder all over the world, often explicitly advocating for replacing non-European, non-Christian people with a so-called “higher race.” Colonists needed a high-minded justification for their slaughter and theft, and Enlightenment liberalism delivered.



You might say “ah well, liberalism has a long racist history, but we’re doing better now!” But genocidal white nationalism isn’t a bug of Western capitalism, it’s a feature. It was voiced openly by its proponents in the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries, and it is being voiced only slightly less openly by its proponents today. Charles Murray currently promotes the kind of early-20th century race science that led to the eugenics movement (and inspired Hitler), and he is legitimized by “rationalists” like Steven Pinker and Sam Harris who believe in the myth of liberal capitalism’s place at the apex of history. Richard Dawkins recently said eugenics would “work in practice” (he insisted his comment didn’t imply eugenics was desirable, but it’s a bit like saying genocide would “work in practice” and then being upset when people react with horror. And it’s especially hard to be charitable toward the musings on eugenics that come from someone with a history of unapologetic bigotry.)

You also find this kind of white nationalism voiced by people like Hillary Clinton with her “superpredators” rhetoric, her past use of forced black prison labor, and her eagerness to bomb North African and Middle Eastern countries. You see it in Liberal Dreamboat Justin Trudeau’s authoritarian, militarized attacks on indigenous peoples like the Wet’suwet’en, Inuit, and Métis, all for the sake of moving leaky petroleum around. Or in Obama’s similar treatment of First Nations people protesting the Bakken (Dakota Access) oil pipeline. You see it in U.K. prime minister and Churchill superfan Boris Johnson reciting an imperialist Kipling poem in a former British colony, or writing that “The problem [with Africa] is not that we were once in charge, but that we are not in charge any more.” And you see it in the liberal response to COVID-19, which seems at least partially to be, “let people die to save the stock market.” And you see it being voiced by Brazil’s president Jair Bolsonaro, hero of arch-liberal publications such as the Financial Times and the Wall Street Journal—investors love him!—who has continued the settler project of murdering or removing indigenous people in order to access resources for liberal markets. Bolsonaro and Trump himself are the logical, necessary extensions of an ideology whose sole axiom is the transformation of every inch of land and water into individually owned wealth. Despite the political labels of “conservative” or “right-wing,” Bolsonaro, Trump, and Boris Johnson are hardly an outrage to liberal capitalist sensibilities; instead they are its honest renderings.



Since the 1980s, “the environmental agenda has become heavily corporatised,” according to Sheffield University politics professor Genevieve LeBaron. As a result, the liberalized environmental movement has actively and successfully excluded many radical and indigenous voices who could implement much more impactful solutions. Climate activist and author Naomi Klein has gone as far as saying that these “big green groups” have hurt decarbonization efforts even more than right-wing climate denial groups, granting a veneer of respectability to the very corporations driving omnicidal development. The colloquial term for this, “greenwashing,” has been practiced by most megacorporations and perhaps mastered by Shell. This oil company spent a lot of money on a marketing campaign touting their investments in renewable projects, and then dramatically scaled back those investments once their advertisements had run. All over the world, greenwashing corporations or their surrogates are murdering record numbers of environmental activists who stand in their way. They’re also murdering indigenous people to take their land and opening ever more wilderness and indigenous land to corporate markets. Meanwhile, greenhouse gas emission rates continue to break records and mass extinction accelerates.



Liberal capitalism, whether through corporate greenwashing or hiding behind (while distancing itself from) the ugly face of ecofascism, will always privilege a certain, affluent population in conflict with a labor class. The “non-Western” countries that have adopted elements of European economic liberalism, like China and India, have also developed their own version of such population purges, whether mediated through Han supremacy or Hindu supremacy. In addition to praising Trump, the Christchurch mosque shooter also praised the way China is dealing with its ethnic minorities. Modi and Xi’s ongoing genocidal treatment of non-privileged populations is once again economic liberalism seeking to eliminate what it considers surplus labor to maximize exploitation of natural resources for private profit.



Samuel Miller McDonald
March 19, 2020
Current Affairs

Nikezeus
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"Elon Musk has delivered 1,000 ventilators to help California hospitals treat COVID-19 patients, according to Gov. Gavin Newsom
..
Tesla and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk has followed through on his promise to deliver 1,000 ventilators to help California hospitals treat patients diagnosed with COVID-19, Governor Gavin Newsom said during a press conference Monday.
..
"
https://www.businessinsider.com/elon-mu ... ssion=true

davkol
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Zoom’s Encryption Is “Not Suited for Secrets” and Has Surprising Links to China, Researchers Discover

Meetings on Zoom, the increasingly popular video conferencing service, are encrypted using an algorithm with serious, well-known weaknesses, and sometimes using keys issued by servers in China, even when meeting participants are all in North America, according to researchers at the University of Toronto.

The researchers also found that Zoom protects video and audio content using a home-grown encryption scheme, that there is a vulnerability in Zoom’s “waiting room” feature, and that Zoom appears to have at least 700 employees in China spread across three subsidiaries. They conclude, in a report for the university’s Citizen Lab — widely followed in information security circles — that Zoom’s service is “not suited for secrets” and that it may be legally obligated to disclose encryption keys to Chinese authorities and “responsive to pressure” from them.



The report points out that Zoom may be legally obligated to share encryption keys with Chinese authorities if the keys are generated on a key management server hosted in China. If the Chinese authorities or any other hypothetical attacker with access to a key wants to spy on a Zoom meeting, they also need to either monitor the internet access of a participant in the meeting, or monitor the network inside the Zoom cloud. Once they collect the encrypted meeting traffic, they can use the key to decrypt it and recover the video and audio.



Zoom’s keys conform to the widely used Advanced Encryption Standard, or AES. A security white paper from the company claims that Zoom meetings are protected using 256-bit AES keys, but the Citizen Lab researchers confirmed the keys in use are actually only 128-bit. Such keys are still considered secure today, but over the last decade many companies have been moving to 256-bit keys instead.

Furthermore, Zoom encrypts and decrypts with AES using an algorithm called Electronic Codebook, or ECB, mode, “which is well-understood to be a bad idea, because this mode of encryption preserves patterns in the input,” according to the Citizen Lab researchers. In fact, ECB is considered the worst of AES’s available modes.



Micah Lee
April 3, 2020
The Intercept
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Nikezeus
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Taky dobrej bruslar(pokud dobre prekladam - zástupce generálního ředitele WHO) ,radeji delal ze neslysi a pote vypnul komunikaci, viz. video:
https://twitter.com/studioincendo/statu ... 8133473285


Podrobneji:
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-52088167

A pak ma mit clovek duveru v nadnarodni organizace...

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Ondrej.Profant
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Nikezeus píše:
06 dub 2020, 13:12
Taky dobrej bruslar(pokud dobre prekladam - zástupce generálního ředitele WHO) ,radeji delal ze neslysi a pote vypnul komunikaci, viz. video:
https://twitter.com/studioincendo/statu ... 8133473285


Podrobneji:
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-52088167

A pak ma mit clovek duveru v nadnarodni organizace...
Neuvěřitelné. Ale důvěru v nadnárodní organizace bych měl - jen se o ně musíme víc zajímat. Nejen v dobách krize.

Retweet s komentářem: https://twitter.com/ondrej_profant/stat ... 6158073861
profant.eu, poslanec

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