Zajímavé aktuální zahraniční články

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Rozšířit náhled Přehled tématu: Zajímavé aktuální zahraniční články

Re: Zajímavé aktuální zahraniční články

od Marek.Necada » 13 čer 2019, 22:19

OGH: Facebook-Musterklage endgültig zulässig


Der österreichische Oberste Gerichtshof hat nun abschließend alle Versuche von Facebook, eine Musterklage zu grundsätzlichen Datenschutzfragen in Wien zu blockieren, zurückgewiesen. Im finalen Beschluss (Link) weist das österreichische Höchstgericht alle Einwände von Facebook zurück.

(...)

Nächster Schritt: Verfahren zu Facebooks DSGVO-Konformität

Facebook wird unter anderem die Verwendung ungültiger Datenschutzbestimmungen, die fehlende Zustimmung zur Datennutzung oder die unrechtmäßige Verarbeitung und Weitergabe von Daten vorgeworfen. Damit wird prinzipiell die Einhaltung der Europäischen Datenschutzgrundverordnung (DSGVO) geprüft.

(...)

In seiner Entscheidung macht der OGH auch klar, dass nationale Alleingänge im Datenschutz prinzipiell nicht mehr möglich sind. Eine Einschränkung der DSGVO durch österreichisches Recht hat der OGH prinzipiell verworfen. Die vergangene österreichische Regierung hat jedoch mit Slogans wie „Informieren statt Strafen“ versucht, die DSGVO vermeintlich einzuschränken.

Re: Zajímavé aktuální zahraniční články

od Janka.Michailidu » 13 čer 2019, 09:00

Re: Zajímavé aktuální zahraniční články

od davkol » 11 čer 2019, 14:13

Ethiopia and Kenya are struggling to manage debt for their Chinese-built railways

In the wake of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) Forum in Beijing six weeks ago, Ethiopia gained another Chinese debt-concession. China’s second-largest African borrower and prominent BRI partner in infrastructure finance also received a cancellation on all interest-free loans up to the end of 2018. This was on top of previous renegotiated extensions of major commercial railway loans agreed earlier in 2018.

These concessions highlight the continuing debt-struggles that governments have in taking on Chinese large infrastructure projects. But they also demonstrate the advantages and flexibility, that African governments can gain in working with China—if they can leverage it.

Yunnan Chen
June 4, 2019
Quartz Africa

Re: Zajímavé aktuální zahraniční články

od Michael.xChaos.Polak » 10 čer 2019, 14:13

Indie nařídila ridesharingovým službám elektrifikovat alespoň 40% vozového parku.
https://tech.slashdot.org/story/19/06/0 ... ts-by-2026

Re: Zajímavé aktuální zahraniční články

od Marek.Necada » 05 čer 2019, 08:44

https://www.france24.com/fr/20190604-ga ... -recyclage

Ve Francii navrhují zákon zakazující ničení neprodaného zboží

La France envisage d'interdire la destruction des invendus de produits non alimentaires

Un projet de loi à l'étude propose d'imposer aux marques de donner ou de recycler leurs invendus, y compris dans le domaine du luxe. Si cette mesure française est adoptée, ce serait une première mondiale dans la lutte contre le gaspillage.

La destruction des invendus non alimentaires va être interdite d'ici deux à quatre ans en France, a annoncé mardi 4 juin le Premier ministre Édouard Philippe.

"Ce sera une première mondiale", s’est-il félicité. Cette mesure vise à imposer de donner ces produits ou de les recycler, à partir de fin 2021 ou de fin 2023 suivant les cas, en complément aux mesures déjà adoptées ces dernières années contre le gaspillage alimentaire.

Re: Zajímavé aktuální zahraniční články

od Janka.Michailidu » 03 čer 2019, 12:23

Good Job, Humans: Bees Are Making Nests Entirely Out of Plastic
Bees making nests out of plastic bags sounds like an ecologically dystopian movie plot. But unlike finding plastics in our food, in our deepest oceans, and inside wildlife, this finding might not be all bad. It's still really bad, to be clear, but it also shows that the bees are resilient to humanity's dumbassery, the researchers say.

Re: Zajímavé aktuální zahraniční články

od davkol » 02 čer 2019, 10:00

Climate change: ‘We’ve created a civilisation hell bent on destroying itself – I’m terrified’, writes Earth scientist

Coined by US geoscientist Peter Haff in 2014, the technosphere is the system that consists of individual humans, human societies – and stuff. In terms of stuff, humans have produced an extraordinary 30 trillion metric tons of things. From skyscrapers to CDs, fountains to fondue sets. A good deal of this is infrastructure, such as roads and railways, which links humanity together.

But as different as we all are, the vast majority of humanity is now behaving in fundamentally similar ways. Yes, there are still some nomads who roam tropical rainforests, still some roving sea gypsies. But more than half of the global population now lives in urban environments and nearly all are in some way connected to industrialised activities. Most of humanity is tightly enmeshed into a globalised, industrialised complex system – that of the technosphere.

Importantly, the size, scale and power of the technosphere has dramatically grown since World War II. This tremendous increase in the number of humans, their energy and material consumption, food production and environmental impact has been dubbed the Great Acceleration.

It seems sensible to assume that the reason products and services are made is so that they can be bought and sold and so the makers can turn a profit. So the drive for innovation – for faster, smaller phones, for example – is driven by being able to make more money by selling more phones. In line with this, the environmental writer George Monbiot argued that the root cause of climate change and other environmental calamities is capitalism and consequently any attempt to reduce greenhouse gas emissions will ultimately fail if we allow capitalism to continue.

The purpose of humans in this context is to consume products and services. The more we consume, the more materials will be extracted from the Earth, and the more energy resources consumed, the more factories and infrastructure built. And ultimately, the more the technosphere will grow.

If growth is the problem, then we just have to work at that, right? This won’t be easy, as growth is baked into every aspect of politics and economics. But we can at least imagine what a de-growth economy would look like.

My fear, however, is that we will not be able to slow down the growth of the technosphere even if we tried – because we are not actually in control.

This goes beyond the question of “what difference could I make?” to “what difference can anyone make?” While flying less, cutting down on eating meat and dairy and cycling to work are all commendable steps to take, they do not constitute living outside the technosphere.

It’s not just that we give tacit consent to the technosphere by using its roads, computers, or intensively farmed food. It’s that by being a productive member of society, by earning and spending, above all by consuming, we further the technosphere’s growth.

James Dyke
May 24, 2019
The Conversation

Re: Zajímavé aktuální zahraniční články

od Janka.Michailidu » 01 čer 2019, 11:09

Open Letter to GCHQ on the Threats Posed by the Ghost Proposal
In their Lawfare piece, Levy and Robinson set forth their proposal for “silently adding a law enforcement participant to a group chat or call.” This proposal to add a “ghost” user into encrypted chats would require providers to suppress normal notifications to users, so that they would be unaware that a law enforcement participant had been added and could see the plain text of the encrypted conversation. Levy and Robinson state that they offer their proposal in an effort to have an “open and honest conversation” about how law enforcement can gain access to encrypted communications.
just wow.

Re: Zajímavé aktuální zahraniční články

od Janka.Michailidu » 31 kvě 2019, 13:16

Companies Pushing Open Source RISC-V Silicon Out to the Edge
The major advantage of the ISA (Instruction Set Architecture) over Arm, however, is that RISC-V is open source.
...
Many of the companies deploying RISC-V chips are smaller organizations, some of them startups, seeking to escape the expenses associated with licensing and manufacturing silicon from Arm, or attempting to shoehorn in off-the-rack chips from Arm suppliers. For the most part, they have little to no experience in chip design or navigating the labryinth of turning designs into silicon.

That's where companies such as Cortus and SiFive, both founding members of the RISC-V foundation, come into play. They offer design templates that can be modified to meet specific needs, along with the expertise necessary to turn designs into functioning products.

Re: Zajímavé aktuální zahraniční články

od davkol » 29 kvě 2019, 21:35

Mike Pence predicts war everywhere in the next few years

Vice President Pence spoke to the West Point graduating class on Saturday, and amid the standard congratulations and tributes to the graduates, he said something truly shocking:
It is a virtual certainty that you will fight on a battlefield for America at some point in your life. You will lead soldiers in combat. It will happen.

Some of you will join the fight against radical Islamic terrorists in Afghanistan and Iraq. Some of you will join the fight on the Korean Peninsula and in the Indo-Pacific, where North Korea continues to threaten the peace, and an increasingly militarized China challenges our presence in the region. Some of you will join the fight in Europe, where an aggressive Russia seeks to redraw international boundaries by force. And some of you may even be called upon to serve in this hemisphere.

And when that day comes, I know you will move to the sound of the guns and do your duty, and you will fight, and you will win. The American people expect nothing less.

So, wherever you’re called, I urge you to take what you learned here and put it into practice. Put your armor on, so that when — not if — that day comes, you’ll be able to stand your ground.
Let’s pause and consider what this means. Pence is saying not just that more wars are inevitable, but that they are inevitable soon. Let’s not forget that while many of those who attend the service academies go on to careers in the military, many do not. They have an eight-year commitment after graduation — five years on active duty and three in the reserves.

Paul Waldman
May 27, 2019
Washington Post

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